The eyes are called the mirror of the soul, but they can be much more. Analyzed by a doctor, they can be the window that discovers certain symptoms that reveal other conditions in the body. Although it may seem strange, many diseases manifest through the eyes, such as diabetes and some heart problems. Here are other examples, so that you are attentive and do not neglect your annual visit with the ophthalmologist.
How useful and important are the eyes! Can you imagine a day without them? They work for us constantly, allowing us to see the world around us. They also have their own “language” because without saying a word, they can express joy, pain and anger. For a trained specialist, the eyes can even say much more: not only will they show symptoms of conditions that directly affect them, such as glaucoma or cataracts , they can also show signs related to some other health disorder, such as diabetes or problems in the heart .
But this is not the only thing. The eyes can allow seeing other systemic diseases (from other parts of the body), such as aneurysms, HIV , cancer and other inherited problems. That is why it is important to have regular vision checks, especially after 40 years of age (or earlier, if there are members in your family history who have or have had vision problems).
Regular visits with specialists who are in charge of eye health (ophthalmologists or eye doctors), will allow to detect the signs that reveal this type of disorders, and that only they know how to interpret. But there are other signs in the eyes that are visible to everyone. For example, pay attention to the following symptoms that can alert you to a health problem:
Some liver diseases, including hepatitis and cirrhosis, can cause the white part of the eyes to take on this color.
It may be a matter of familiar features but, many times, they indicate that the thyroid gland (or thyroid) is malfunctioning. That makes the tissues around the eyes swell and give it a bulky or protruding appearance.
There are tiny blood vessels that run through the eyes, so sometimes spills can occur that contrast with the white surrounding the iris (which looks blue, green, gray, brown or brown). In most cases, this does not have an obvious cause, but sometimes it can indicate high blood pressure or blood clotting problems.
Eyes of different colors or heterochromia:
In general it is a condition that is inherited, but sometimes it can be related to an eye injury, hemorrhage (bleeding) or the presence of a foreign body. It may also be related to other conditions such as glaucoma, Waardenberg syndrome (which is a birth defect) or neurofibromatosis.
Droopy eyelids or ptosis:
In general it is a sign of the passage of time and the natural aging of people but, in some isolated cases, it can indicate the presence of a brain tumor or a neuromuscular disease known as myasthenia gravis , which interferes with the messages that the nerves They send to the muscles.
Irregularities of the pupils:
In general, the black part of the eyes is the same size in both eyes and they react similarly to light exposure. When they react differently, they can indicate different problems, including heart problems, a tumor in the brain or optic nerve, a cerebral aneurysm (a widening or dilation of the wall of an artery in the brain), syphilis (a sexually transmitted disease caused by bacteria) and multiple sclerosis (a disease of the nervous system that affects the brain and spinal cord).
And the list could go on. Keep in mind that children may also have signs in their eyes that indicate the presence of other health problems. These might be:
Cloudy eye or one eye bigger than another:
If a baby or a child has one eye (in fact, the cornea) larger than the other, it may be a sign of congenital glaucoma. A white reflex in the pupil may indicate a congenital cataract, a tumor inside the eye (known as retinoblastoma), or a parasite infection.
Crossed or lazy eye (amblyopia):
It is a condition that can be corrected in time, but it can also be due to a tumor inside the eye or a neurological problem. Take the child to the specialist to determine the correct cause and can be treated.
Again, if you notice something strange in the color, brightness or shape of your child’s eye, be sure to consult with a specialist.
In the case of adults: if you are 40 years of age or older or if any member of your family suffers or has had vision problems, do not forget to go to regular consultations with the ophthalmologist, to examine you and so you can guide you about caring for your eyes. This way you can detect any condition, before it gets complicated it is more difficult to solve.