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SOS in your brain: Warning signs of a stroke

SOS stroke

A stroke is not as fulminant as many fear. By being alert to certain signals, you have the possibility to discover when something abnormal is happening in your brain and seek help immediately to avoid serious consequences. These signals are like small SOS that your brain sends to tell you that it needs help.

When blood is not flowing in your brain, cells begin to die because they stop receiving the nutrients and oxygen they need to function. This is called stroke or stroke.

What is the difference between a stroke and a stroke?

Doctors call these strokes attacks, which are divided into two types depending on their cause. The first happens when a blood clot blocks the passage of blood in a blood vessel that irrigates your brain, and is called thrombotic stroke, ischemic  stroke. The second happens when a blood vessel ruptures and there is bleeding in the brain, and it is called hemorrhagic stroke. Surprisingly, although it is more common to hear about stroke, strokes are more common and occur in 80% of cases.

Regardless of the cause, both “brain attacks” are a medical emergency because they happen suddenly and in just a few minutes they can leave you with serious sequelae for life. They are mild or severe depending on how much blood stops circulating in certain parts of your brain and for how long. And the severity of the damage caused to your brain also depends on how quickly you get medical help.

Pay attention to these signals

That is why it is so important to be aware of any warning signs that indicate that a stroke is happening, to seek urgent medical attention. These are the signs:

  • Numbness, numbness or weakness in the face (face), arms or legs (especially on only one side of the body)
  • Trouble speaking and understanding
  • Mental confusion and trouble thinking clearly
  • Dizziness
  • Loss of balance and coordination of movements, and even trouble walking
  • Severe headache that may be accompanied by pain in the face or forehead and even vomiting
  • Impaired vision (sight) in one or both eyes

The main feature of these signals is that they appear suddenly. You may not even notice them, and others may simply think that you are distracted or confused. Teach your family and close friends to alert and ask them to be aware of any changes in your behavior.

Sometimes these symptoms last only a few minutes and then disappear. Those are known as “mini strokes” or “transient strokes.” When you feel them, do not ignore them because they are a sign that blood is not flowing well to your brain and suggest that later you could have a severe attack.

As soon as you notice any of these signs, call 911 or the emergency number in your area and seek medical attention immediately. According to the National Institutes of Health, arriving at the hospital in less than an hour can help you prevent further damage to your brain. Since you may not be able to reach a hospital on your own or call emergencies easily, ask the first person near you for help. If you live alone and think you may have a risk of having a stroke or stroke , be cautious and plan some emergency strategies, such as quickly telling a neighbor or programming your phone so you can dial 911 with the press of a key .

It is not always possible to realize a stroke or stroke. But if your brain manages to send small calls from SOS, it is best to be alert to attend them on time.

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